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Open AccessArticle

Impact of Recent Climate Change on Water-Use Efficiency Strategies of Larix sibirica in the Altai-Sayan Mountain Range

by 1,2,*, 1,2, 2, 2 and 3
1
Laboratory of Ecosystems Biogeochemistry, Institute of Ecology and Geography, Siberian Federal University, Svobodniy pr. 79, 660041 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
2
Forest Dynamics, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL, Z眉rcherstrasse 111, CH-8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland
3
Siberian Dendrochronology Laboratory, Institute of Humanities, Siberian Federal University, Svobodniy pr. 79, 660041 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2020, 11(10), 1103;
Received: 8 September 2020 / Revised: 14 October 2020 / Accepted: 15 October 2020 / Published: 17 October 2020
A strong increase in the mean annual air temperature during the past 50 years by up to 0.54 °C was recorded in the Altai region (45°–52° N; 84°–99° E) compared to the global value of 0.07 °C over the period 1901–2008. The impact of the climatic changes on the hydrology are complex in these mountainous forest ecosystems and not fully understood. We aim to reveal differences in the intrinsic water-use efficiencies (iWUE) strategy by larch (Larix sibirica Ledeb.) derived from stable carbon isotopes at contrasting sites, ranging from the steppe (Ersin, Chadan) to high-elevation (Mongun, Koksu) sites of the Altai over the past century. The iWUE trends increased rapidly for all study sites except Chadan, where a decreasing trend after 2010 has been observed. This decline can be related to increased amount of precipitation compared to increased drought at the other sites. In general, the iWUE is increased up to 14% (1985–2019 compared to 1919–1984), which is lower compared to other studies across the globe likely due to harsh climatic conditions. Vapor pressure deficit and maximal air temperature are impacting Siberian larch significantly and affecting their iWUE differently at the high-elevated and steppe sites of the Altai over the past century. View Full-Text
Keywords: iWUE; drought; permafrost; temperature; vapor pressure deficit; precipitation; larch; Russian Altai iWUE; drought; permafrost; temperature; vapor pressure deficit; precipitation; larch; Russian Altai
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Churakova (Sidorova), O.V.; Fonti, M.V.; Siegwolf, R.T.W.; Saurer, M.; Myglan, V.S. Impact of Recent Climate Change on Water-Use Efficiency Strategies of Larix sibirica in the Altai-Sayan Mountain Range. Forests 2020, 11, 1103.

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